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Peanuts Bold (Runner)

It has red thick skin, oblong shape & used for Industrial prodn. (Peanut butter, Peanut snacks,Peanut brittle etc.). Its counts are available in 38/42, 40/50, 50/60, 60/70, 70/80, 80/90, 90/100.

Indian Groundnuts are available in different varieties Bold or Runners, Javas or Spanish and Red natals and rich nutty flavor, Sweet taste, crunchy texture and a relatively longer shelf life.

Groundnuts in India are available throughout the year due to a two-crop cycle harvested in March and October. On an average, India produces 7-8 million tones of groundnuts (unshelled) every year. In fact, considering the current export figures, India has a much larger potential to supply high quality groundnuts to the international buyer.

History

The domesticated peanut is an amphidiploid or allotetraploid, meaning that it has two sets of chromosomes from two different species, thought to be A. duranensis and A. ipaensis. These likely combined in the wild to form the tetraploid species A. monticola, which gave rise to the domesticated peanut.[6] This domestication might have taken place in Paraguay or Bolivia, where the wildest strains grow today. Many pre-Columbian cultures, such as the Moche, depicted peanuts in their art.

Archeologists have dated the oldest specimens to about 7,600 years, found in Peru.[8] Cultivation spread as far as Mesoamerica, where the Spanish conquistadors found the tlalcacahuatl (Nahuatl = “peanut”, whence Mexican Spanish, cacahuate and French, cacahu├Ęte) being offered for sale in the marketplace of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). The plant was later spread worldwide by European traders.

Although the peanut was mainly a garden crop for much of the colonial period of North America, it was mostly used as animal feed stock until the 1930s.[9] In the United States, a US Department of Agriculture program (see below) to encourage agricultural production and human consumption of peanuts was instituted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. George Washington Carver is well known for his participation in that program in which he developed hundreds of recipes for peanuts.

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